Does the Integration of Scientific Disciplines Dissipate Clouds?

At its core, the International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES) Foundation is promoting the integration of knowledge produced by scientific progress in the many Earth Science disciplines, as well as in Cosmology, Biology, Sociology, and other fields.

Our central hypothesis is that the insights gained from such integration are currently highly untapped, when compared to the additional knowledge gained by the deepening of each vertical.
Integration can be done via the coupling of separate domain models, or from scratch via a monolithic modeling and analysis framework, also supported by Machine Learning.

We discuss the interplay between these trends, and extrapolate where the future growth of data, sparsity and energy costs may drive the choice of cloud or HPC architecture.